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Author Guidelines

As Technology and Innovation serves a multidisciplinary audience, authors are urged to avoid writing for specialists. In particular, they are discouraged from using expressions that are understandable only to a select audience. For example, mathematical expressions should be explained in words to assure their appreciation by non-mathematicians. The following categories of contributions will be considered for publication:
Articles: The journal subscribes to the concept that the length of an article is determined by its content; however, we encourage submission of no more than 6,500-7,500 words. Authors may be asked to edit articles that exceed 7,500 words.
Commentaries and discussions, letters to the editor, editorials, and similar contributions: These are subjected to peer review on a case-by-case basis, are required to follow Technology and Innovation’s format and style, and must be consistent with the requirements of a scholarly journal. The discussion of contested areas of science where consensus is lacking is included in this category. Commentaries are shorter than regular manuscripts and must contain information that is likely to invoke scientific discussion with the objective of promoting the development of a consensus. We encourage submissions of no more than 3,500-4,500 words.
Patent reviews: New patents of interest to the readers of Technology and Innovation are included in this category. We encourage submissions of no more than 1,500-2,500 words.
For full author guidelines, and a review on how to prepare manuscripts according to Technology and Innovation, please click here.
Submissions to Technology and Innovation must be in English, in an editable Microsoft Word-compatible electronic file, typed, 12-point font, double-spaced, formatted for 22 x 28 cm (8.5 x 11 in) with a margin of 2.5-3 cm (1 in) at the top, sides and bottom of each page. Tables should be placed on separate page(s) sequentially at the end of the manuscript (after the 'Reference' section). Figures should be submitted separately from text.
Title page: Each paper should include a title page with the title of the paper, submission type, name(s) of author(s), and complete affiliation(s). Provide a short title to be used as running head. Indicate the author to whom correspondence and proofs should be addressed (i.e. 'corresponding author'), and provide a complete physical mailing address, phone, fax and email address.
Title: The title should be as short as possible, but fully descriptive.
Submission Type: The author should indicate the type of submission that best describes their manuscript (Article, Book Review, Patent Review, or Commentary).
Abstract and key words: The abstract should contain a summary of the article, including its results in 250 words or less. Because many abstracting services use the abstract without reference to the content, the authors are urged to succinctly provide the essence of the paper in the (up to) 250 words allocated. Additionally, provide 3 to 6 key words after the abstract.
Tables and figures: Tables and figures should be understandable without excessive reference to the text; particularly, units and quantities should be clearly identified. In general, material should be presented in tables or figures, but not in both. Avoid very wide or long figures and tables that would not fit on a printed page. By default, tables and figures will appear in B&W. If color figures are necessary or desired, there is a charge for their reproduction that will be handled by our publisher, Cognizant Communication Corporation. Figures should be submitted at the highest resolution possible, preferably 300dpi at 7 inches (width or height). Low-resolution files that appear pixilated when printed will NOT be accepted for publication.
Tables: Present each table on a separate page at the end of the manuscript (i.e., not within the body of the text). Provide a short title for each table. Cite all tables sequentially in the text and provide publishing staff with a cue for where they should approximately appear in the manuscript (e.g., 'INSERT TABLE 1') when published. Tables should be in an editable format.
Figures: Figures should be submitted separately from the text. During the submission process, there will be an option to 'upload supplementary files' where authors can individually attach their figures. Do not incorporate titles or descriptions as part of the figure itself. Once you click 'upload' for your figure, a new screen will appear where you can provide a title (mandatory) and a 'brief description' (optional) to provide more detailed information about your figure. Additional figure data inputted here (with the exception of a figure title) is optional. Cite all figures sequentially in the text and provide publishing staff with a cue for where they should approximately appear in the manuscript (e.g., 'INSERT FIGURE 1') when published. All figures must be high-quality art work in electronic format. Lettering should be large enough to be readable when reduced to fit page or column size. Avoid light lettering and gray shading. SPECIAL NOTE: Figures in accepted submissions are printed for free in Black & White. If you wish to have your figures reproduced in color there is an additional fee for this charged by our publisher, Cognizant Communication Corporation, not Technology and Innovation. If figures are not going to be printed in color they should not be submitted in color as switchng from color to B&W during the printing process may significantly alter readability. Please plan accordingly when submitting.
Equations: All equations should be typewritten. Mathematical notations should be simple and suitable for a multidisciplinary audience. For example, fractions within fractions, and subscripts within subscripts should be avoided. Where possible, incorporate equations into the text, rather than as a separate figure.
Units, quantities, and abbreviations: Use SI (metric) units and international quantities and abbreviations. Equivalent values in other systems may be used, provided their metric equivalents are included in every case. Note that percent, ppm and ppb are not metric units.
Footnotes: Avoid text footnotes. Footnote material should be incorporated into the text for the benefit of the readers, editors and printers.
Acknowledgement: If an acknowledgement is included, it should not contain lengthy descriptions of the reason for the acknowledgement.
References: Within the text, references should be cited with NUMBERS in PARENTHESES. At the end of the manuscript, provide the references in an ALPHA-NUMERICAL LIST. All authors will be required to format their references according to this style if their manuscripts are accepted for publication. SPECIAL NOTE: Journal names should be abbreviated (e.g., J. Neurol.; J. Immunol.; Technol. Innov.). There are several online reference databases that list journal abbreviations (e.g., ISI Journal Title Abbreviations, National Library of Medicine). For EndNote users, you can select the 'Cell Transplantation' or journal style for your reference list as this one most closely follows Technology and Innovation style. If using another citation generator, you can select the AMA, or American Medical Association Style as it also closely follow T&I's style. For non-generator users, manually follow the style of the examples below:
Journal Article Examples
1. Addison, S. R.; Fetcenko, M. A.; Ross, J. A. Nickel metal hydride for electric vehicles. J. Chem. Educ. 260:176-187; 1993.
2. Bhushan, J. P; Morones, H. S. Nanotechnology through biology: Benchmarks for high performance applications. ACS NANO 393:440-442; 1999.
Book Example
3. Henderson, P. Inorganic geochemistry. New York, NY: Pergamon Press; 1982.
Report Example
4. National Research Council. Biologic markers in immunology. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 1992.
Book Chapter Example
5. Rajotte, R. V.; Lakey, J. R. T.; Warnock, G. L. Adult islet cryopreservation. In: Ricordi, C., ed. Methods in cell transplantation. Austin, TX: R. G. Landes Co.; 1995:517–524.
Proceedings, Conference Presentation, or Edited Book Examples
6. Sloane, E.B.; Cooper, T. Safety first! Safe and successful digital network wireless medical device systems. In HIMSS Annual Conference. San Diego, CA: 2006. Retrieved from>> a fetyFirst-WirelessMedDevices-V4-CompleteAnnotations.pdf.
7. Swedjemark, G. A.; Midnes, L. Exposure of the Swedish population to radon daughters. In: Berglund, B.; Lindvall, T.; Sundell, J., eds. Proc. 3rd international conference on indoor air quality and climate, vol. 2. Stockholm: Swedish Council for Building Research; 1984: 37-43.
Regulation Example
8. U. S. Environmental Protection Agency. National primary drinking water regulations: Fluoride. 40 CFR Parts 141, 142, and 143. Fed. Reg. 50:47142-48933; 1985.
Patent Example
9. Volwiler, E. H.; Tabern, D. L. Thiobarbituric Acid Derivatives, U.S. Patent 2,153,729. April 11, 1939.
Electronic/Online Sources Example
10. Working Group on Peer Review of the Advisory Committee to the Director of the NIH. Enhancing the peer review at NIH. Retrieved June 2009 from http://...
The designated corresponding author will receive a proof of their article in PDF format via email before publication from our publisher, Cognizant Communication Corporation. The corresponding author should answer all queries of the publisher at this time and carefully check all editorial changes within 48 hours of receipt. Corrections at this stage should be limited to printer's errors and minor changes. No major changes or rewrites are allowed.
Offprints can be ordered on the Offprint Order Form, which will accompany proofs. The author filling in the order form should make sure that all co-authors’ needs for reprints are incorporated into the total order. Offprint order forms must be received before printing in order to qualify for lower prepublication rates.
Open Access: An Open Access option is available from our publisher, Cognizant Communication Corporation. Authors may choose to make their articles available for free download by paying a fee. Information regarding cost will be provided with proofs.
Copyright: If data from any source other than the authors is used in tables or figures, it is the responsibility of the authors to obtain permission to reproduce such material. Editorial staff may ask authors to provide proof that permission has been granted from the original publisher and indicate the source when signing our Copyright forms.
Competing interests/conflicts-of-interest "exist when an author (or the author's institution), reviewer, or editor has financial or personal relationships that inappropriately influence (bias) his or her actions (such relationships are also known as dual commitments, competing interests, or competing loyalties). These relationships vary from those with negligible potential to those with great potential to influence judgment...The potential for conflict of interest can exist whether or not an individual believes that the relationship affects his or her scientific judgment. Financial relationships (such as employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, paid expert testimony) are the most easily identifiable conflicts of interest."
-International Committee of Medical Journal Editors ("Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals"), February 2006
Author(s) should indicate any competing interests with the information in their submission. If the author(s) do not have competing interests to disclose, they should still include a statement with their submisssion to this effect (e.g., "The authors declare no conflict of interest.").
For any questions relating to the formatting or submitting of manuscripts, please contact the Editorial Staff.


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration.
  2. The submission is in an editable file format (e.g. Word) with a title page that includes the affiliation and complete physical mailing address of the primary contact.
  3. The text adheres to the stylistic and reference requirements outlined in our Author Guidelines.
  4. All figures have been removed from the text. Note: Figures should be submitted separately from text under the 'upload supplementary files' option of the submission process.
  5. If this submission is an 'article' we require authors to provide the (1) names, (2) affiliations, and (3) email addresses of at least 4 knowledgeable, potential reviewers. Provide these names in the 'Comments for the Editor' dialogue box.

Copyright Notice

If a submission is accepted for publication, a written transfer of copyright from the author(s) to the publisher, Cognizant Communication Corporation, is required. This transfer enables the publisher to provide for the widest possible dissemination of the article through authorization reprints; translation or photocopies by others; production of microfilm editions and authorization of indexing and abstracting services in print and other media. Without this transfer of copyright, such activities on the part of publisher and the corresponding spread of information are limited. If a manuscript is accepted for publication, author(s) will be required to sign a transfer of copyright agreement before their work will be published.


Privacy Statement

This privacy policy sets out how Technology and Innovation uses and protects any information that you give when you use this website. This policy is effective from January 2013.

Technology and Innovation is committed to ensuring that your privacy is protected. Should we ask you to provide certain information by which you can be identified when using this website, then you can be assured that it will only be used in accordance with this privacy statement.

What we collect

We may collect the following information:

  • name and job title
  • contact information including email address
  • demographic information such as postcode, research interests, reviewing interests

What we do with the information we gather

The names and email addresses entered in this system will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of Technology and Innovation and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party. We will never sell, distribute or lease your personal information to third parties.

Links to other websites

Our website may contain links to other websites of interest. However, once you have used these links to leave our site, you should note that we do not have any control over that other website. Therefore, we cannot be responsible for the protection and privacy of any information which you provide while visiting such sites and such sites are not governed by this privacy statement. You should exercise caution and look at the privacy statement applicable to the website in question.


If you believe that any information we are holding on you is incorrect or incomplete, please email us as soon as possible, at Alternatively, please write to us at our mailing address: 3702 Spectrum Boulevard, Suite 165, Tampa, FL, 33612. We will promptly correct any information found to be incorrect.